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Laser Technology

Publiceret: 1 marts 11:59
Tags: laser pointer

A new method of implementing a "non-crackable" quantum cryptosystem can transmit information at a rate of more than 10 times faster than previous trials. Researchers have developed a new approach that overcomes one of the major problems in the implementation of the quantum cryptography system, which improves the prospect of implementing an available "unbreakable" approach for sending sensitive information hidden in light particles The A description of the indistinguishable photon output from the same output port of the beam splitter. By "sowing a burning laser beam" to another laser beam, researchers from the University of Cambridge and the Toshiba European Research Center have demonstrated that allocating encryption at a speed of two to six orders of magnitude higher than the actual early attempt of the quantum cryptosystem The key is possible.

laser pointer

Encryption is an important part of modern life, so that sensitive information can be safely shared. In traditional encryption technology, the sender and receiver of a particular message determine the password, or the key, so only those who know the key can decrypt the information. But as computers become faster and more powerful, encryption passwords become easier to crack. Quantum cryptography guarantees "unbreakable" security by hiding information into light particles or photons emitted from the most powerful laser pointer. In this cryptographic form, quantum mechanics is used to randomly generate a key. The sender, commonly known as Alice, sends the key by polarizing the different polarized photons. The receiver, commonly referred to as Bob, uses a photon detector to measure the polarization direction of the photon, and then the detector converts the photon into bit information, assuming that Bob uses the correct photon detector in the correct order, Get the key.

The advantage of quantum cryptography is that if an attacker tries to block Alice and Bob's message, the password will change itself due to the characteristics of quantum mechanics. Since the first time in the last century 80's was put forward, the quantum password has brought the possibility of achieving unbreakable security. "In theory, an attacker might have all the power under physical law, but they still can not crack the password." However, when trying to build a usable 2000mw green laser system, the problem of quantum cryptography arises. In reality, this is a back and forth game: the creative attacks on the different components of the system are constantly being developed, and the corresponding countermeasures against the attack are constantly evolving.

The most frequently hacked components are photon detectors, which are usually the most vulnerable components of their most vulnerable attacks due to their high sensitivity and complexity. In response to the attack probe, the researchers developed a new quantum cryptographic protocol called Quantum Key Distribution (MDI-QKD), which is known as Measurement Equipment Unrelated. In this way, Alice and Bob do not have a detector per person, instead of sending their brightest laser pointer photons to a central node called Charlie. Charlie lets photons pass through a beam splitter and measure them. These results can reveal the correlation between these bits, but do not reveal their values, still keep the secret. In this device, even if Charlie tries to cheat, the information will remain safe.

MDI-QKD has been experimentally proven, but its information transmission speed is too slow for practical applications in the real world, mainly due to difficulties in generating indifferent particles from different lasers. In order to make it work, the laser pulses emitted by Charlie's beam splitter need to be relatively long, which limits the transmission rate to hundreds of bits per second (bps) or less. The method developed by the researchers overcomes this problem with a technique called pulsed laser sowing in which one of the green astronomy laser beams injects photons into another laser beam. By reducing the amount of time jitter in the pulse, the laser pulse is more pronounced for Charlie, so that shorter pulses can be used. Pulsed laser sowing can also change the phase of the laser beam at a very high rate. The use of this technique in MDI-QKD devices will result in speeds up to 1Mbps, representing an increase of two to six orders of magnitude higher than previous versions.

Sidst online: 1 mar 11:53
Bor i: New York
Fødselsdag: 22 jan 1993



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